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What the Richest 1% Pay in Taxes in Your State

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Do the wealthy get away with not paying their fair share of taxes? Sens. Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren have both proposed a wealth tax on the ultra-rich. Even multibillionaire Warren Buffett has said that wealthy Americans such as himself should be taxed at a higher rate.

Currently, the top federal income tax rate is 37% for 2019 returns. It applies to incomes of $510,301 and higher for single taxpayers and $612,351 and higher for couples filing jointly. But the top marginal tax rate has been much higher throughout U.S. history. It peaked at 94% in 1944 and 1945, according to the Tax Policy Center. The lowest it has been in recent history was 28% in the late 1980s under former President Ronald Reagan.

So, the wealthy have been taxed more in the past, but they’ve also been taxed less than they are now. Whether the rich pay their fair share of taxes is still up for debate, but they do pay a disproportionate share of taxes in the U.S. The top 1% of taxpayers — those who earn $515,371 or more — paid 38.47% of the total tax revenue collected in 2017, according to the latest figures from the IRS. That’s actually a greater share than what the bottom 90% of taxpayers paid in total, at 29.92%.

And that’s just the federal share of taxes. To find the total tax burden on the top 1%, GOBankingRates analyzed 2019 data from the Tax Foundation on federal and state income tax rates for single filers and married couples filing jointly. The average annual income of the top 1% was sourced from the Economic Policy Institute. GOBankingRates then calculated both the effective and marginal tax rates on the top 1% in every state using an in-house calculator. The study also found how much the top 1% spends on sales taxes by looking at information from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Missouri Economic Research and Information Center. Property tax was excluded due to the lack of consistent data for home values of the top 1% in every state.

Not surprisingly, GOBankingRates found that the tax burden on the top 1% varies greatly from state to state. However, in almost every state, at least 30% of the wealthiest taxpayers’ incomes go toward taxes. The study is ranked from lowest to highest average income of the top 1%. Take a look at this state-by-state breakdown of how much the rich pay in taxes.

Last updated: July 8, 2020

West Virginia

  • Average income of the top 1%: $535,648
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $197,901
    • Tax burden: 36.95%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $167,769
    • Tax burden: 31.32%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $258,078

Sean Pavone / iStock.com

Mississippi

  • Average income of the top 1%: $580,461
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $209,941
    • Tax burden: 36.17%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $179,095
    • Tax burden: 30.85%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $254,362

Sean Pavone / Getty Images/iStockphoto

New Mexico

  • Average income of the top 1%: $615,082
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $224,821
    • Tax burden: 36.55%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $193,166
    • Tax burden: 31.40%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $255,429

sara_winter / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Maine

  • Average income of the top 1%: $655,870
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $255,733
    • Tax burden: 38.99%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $223,085
    • Tax burden: 34.01%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $303,897

Kentucky

  • Average income of the top 1%: $719,012
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $267,886
    • Tax burden: 37.26%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $235,914
    • Tax burden: 32.81%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $274,818

gatorinsc / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Alabama

  • Average income of the top 1%: $743,644
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $281,033
    • Tax burden: 37.79%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $249,021
    • Tax burden: 33.49%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $297,564

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

South Carolina

  • Average income of the top 1%: $761,185
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $301,827
    • Tax burden: 39.65%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $269,611
    • Tax burden: 35.42%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $318,463

pabradyphoto / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Iowa

  • Average income of the top 1%: $788,419
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $324,726
    • Tax burden: 41.19%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $292,323
    • Tax burden: 37.08%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $331,572

Hawaii

  • Average income of the top 1%: $797,001
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $345,741
    • Tax burden: 43.38%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $307,415
    • Tax burden: 38.57%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $310,566

Find Out: How Much You Need To Be In the Top 5% in Every State

Indiana

  • Average income of the top 1%: $804,275
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $290,508
    • Tax burden: 36.12%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $258,753
    • Tax burden: 32.17%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $316,756

SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Louisiana

  • Average income of the top 1%: $814,386
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $318,246
    • Tax burden: 39.08%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $284,903
    • Tax burden: 34.98%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $318,393

SeanPavonePhoto / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Vermont

  • Average income of the top 1%: $816,579
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $336,217
    • Tax burden: 41.17%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $301,784
    • Tax burden: 36.96%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $321,969

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Idaho

  • Average income of the top 1%: $829,268
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $329,845
    • Tax burden: 39.78%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $297,372
    • Tax burden: 35.86%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $314,532

constantgardener / Getty Images

Montana

  • Average income of the top 1%: $855,976
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $334,819
    • Tax burden: 39.12%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $302,615
    • Tax burden: 35.35%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $321,849

Sean Pavone / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Ohio

  • Average income of the top 1%: $858,965
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $325,232
    • Tax burden: 37.86%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $293,260
    • Tax burden: 34.14%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $334,979

Learn More: 5 Common Reasons You Might Owe Taxes This Year

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Arkansas

  • Average income of the top 1%: $864,772
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $347,058
    • Tax burden: 40.13%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $314,855
    • Tax burden: 36.41%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $255,050

DenisTangneyJr / Getty Images

Delaware

  • Average income of the top 1%: $869,461
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $337,737
    • Tax burden: 38.84%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $305,571
    • Tax burden: 35.14%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $340,770

Pgiam / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Arizona

  • Average income of the top 1%: $882,657
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $334,508
    • Tax burden: 37.90%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $301,445
    • Tax burden: 34.15%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $331,074

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North Carolina

  • Average income of the top 1%: $902,972
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $348,488
    • Tax burden: 38.59%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $316,486
    • Tax burden: 35.05%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $343,066

Long_Strange_Trip_01 / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Oregon

  • Average income of the top 1%: $908,898
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $384,165
    • Tax burden: 42.27%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $350,221
    • Tax burden: 38.53%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $358,937

Jiri Kulisek / Shutterstock.com

Alaska

  • Average income of the top 1%: $910,059
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $299,623
    • Tax burden: 32.92%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $268,262
    • Tax burden: 29.48%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $400,017

Michigan

  • Average income of the top 1%: $917,701
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $344,330
    • Tax burden: 37.52%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $312,449
    • Tax burden: 34.05%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $328,649

DenisTangneyJr / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Rhode Island

  • Average income of the top 1%: $928,204
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $365,307
    • Tax burden: 39.36%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $333,214
    • Tax burden: 35.90%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $346,657

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Oklahoma

  • Average income of the top 1%: $932,520
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $359,662
    • Tax burden: 38.57%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $327,523
    • Tax burden: 35.12%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $333,139

f11photo / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Missouri

  • Average income of the top 1%: $944,804
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $368,117
    • Tax burden: 38.96%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $336,096
    • Tax burden: 35.57%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $326,839

steveodonnell / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Nebraska

  • Average income of the top 1%: $945,869
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $380,272
    • Tax burden: 40.20%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $347,165
    • Tax burden: 36.70%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $363,310

Find Out: What Can I Write Off on My Taxes?

Sean Pavone / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Tennessee

  • Average income of the top 1%: $947,021
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $338,610
    • Tax burden: 35.76%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $307,005
    • Tax burden: 32.42%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $332,913

Sean Pavone / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Wisconsin

  • Average income of the top 1%: $964,358
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $391,900
    • Tax burden: 40.64%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $358,308
    • Tax burden: 37.16%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $349,905

Conchi Martinez / Shutterstock.com

Georgia

  • Average income of the top 1%: $995,576
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $392,335
    • Tax burden: 39.41%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $360,209
    • Tax burden: 36.18%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $371,811

gnagel / Getty Images

Kansas

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,034,676
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $409,258
    • Tax burden: 39.55%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $376,666
    • Tax burden: 36.40%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $375,344

Read: 20 Things To Know About the New Tax Deadline

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Utah

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,057,066
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $410,782
    • Tax burden: 38.86%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $378,816
    • Tax burden: 35.84%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $374,467

csfotoimages / Getty Images

North Dakota

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,080,845
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $396,093
    • Tax burden: 36.65%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $363,823
    • Tax burden: 33.66%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $445,415

benedek / Getty Images

Pennsylvania

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,100,962
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $408,169
    • Tax burden: 37.07%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $376,433
    • Tax burden: 34.19%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $388,593

Kate Scott / Shutterstock.com

Virginia

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,109,984
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $440,250
    • Tax burden: 39.66%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $408,187
    • Tax burden: 36.77%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $425,144

A Complete Guide: How To Fill Out a W-4

DenisTangneyJr / Getty Images

South Dakota

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,130,048
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $385,273
    • Tax burden: 34.09%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $353,912
    • Tax burden: 31.32%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $407,406

Sean Pavone / Getty Images/iStockphoto

New Hampshire

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,134,101
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $436,186
    • Tax burden: 38.46%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $404,214
    • Tax burden: 35.64%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $405,286

sborisov / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Maryland

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,135,718
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $452,083
    • Tax burden: 39.81%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $419,458
    • Tax burden: 36.93%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $445,783

lavin photography / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Minnesota

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,185,581
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $518,411
    • Tax burden: 43.73%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $482,919
    • Tax burden: 40.73%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $443,118

Check Out: 18 Medical Expenses You Can Deduct From Your Taxes

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Colorado

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,261,053
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $493,452
    • Tax burden: 39.13%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $461,526
    • Tax burden: 36.60%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $458,576

kanonsky / Getty Images

Texas

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,343,897
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $465,868
    • Tax burden: 34.67%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $434,507
    • Tax burden: 32.33%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $440,758

tobiasjo / Getty Images

Nevada

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,354,780
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $470,996
    • Tax burden: 34.77%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $439,635
    • Tax burden: 32.45%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $341,335

RomanKhomlyak / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Washington

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,383,223
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $483,327
    • Tax burden: 34.94%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $451,966
    • Tax burden: 32.67%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $451,395

How To Avoid Paying Taxes Legally: The 4 Craziest Ways People Have Done It

RomanSlavik.com / Shutterstock.com

Illinois

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,412,024
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $561,576
    • Tax burden: 39.77%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $529,611
    • Tax burden: 37.51%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $456,377

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Florida

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,543,124
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $538,935
    • Tax burden: 34.92%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $507,574
    • Tax burden: 32.89%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $417,587

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

New Jersey

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,581,829
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $680,304
    • Tax burden: 43.01%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $645,934
    • Tax burden: 40.83%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $588,575

CORALIMAGES / Getty Images

California

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,693,094
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $798,797
    • Tax burden: 47.18%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $751,034
    • Tax burden: 44.36%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $514,694

See: What Is a Tax Deduction and How Do Tax Deductions Work?

RiverNorthPhotography / Getty Images

Wyoming

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,900,659
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $669,610
    • Tax burden: 35.23%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $638,249
    • Tax burden: 33.58%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $405,596

Sean Pavone / Shutterstock.com

Massachusetts

  • Average income of the top 1%: $1,904,805
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $769,639
    • Tax burden: 40.41%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $737,661
    • Tax burden: 38.73%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $582,774

Francois Roux / Shutterstock.com

New York

  • Average income of the top 1%: $2,202,480
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $958,503
    • Tax burden: 43.52%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $903,928
    • Tax burden: 41.04%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $550,174

Sean Pavone / Getty Images/iStockphoto

Connecticut

  • Average income of the top 1%: $2,522,806
  • Single filers:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $1,074,605
    • Tax burden: 42.60%
  • Married couples filing jointly:
    • Total income and sales taxes paid: $1,038,991
    • Tax burden: 41.18%
  • Income needed to make the top 1%: $700,800

More From GOBankingRates

Methodology: To find the tax burden on the richest 1% in every state, GOBankingRates used the “Income Inequality in the United States” study from the Economic Policy Institute to source the average annual income of the top 1% in every state. GOBankingRates then sourced both the federal and state tax brackets for 2019 from the Tax Foundation. GOBankingRates used an in-house income tax calculator to find both the effective and marginal tax rates on the average income of the top 1% in every state. These calculations were done for taxpayers filing as a single person and for a married couple filing jointly. GOBankingRates then used the 2018 Consumer Expenditure Survey by income decile from the Bureau of Labor Statistics to find the annual expenditure for the top 10% income decile (minus shelter and healthcare) and the Cost of Living Data series from the Missouri Economic Research and Information Center to find the annual expenditure of the top 10% in each state. The annual expenditure of each state was then multiplied by each state’s average combined sales tax (the state rate plus the average local rate) to give the total dollars spent on sales tax for each state. To figure out the total tax burden, GOBankingRates combined the total spent on federal and state income taxes plus the total spent on sales tax annually divided by average income. Property tax was not included due to the lack of consistent data for home values of the top 1% in every state. The standard deduction was used when calculating income tax rates. All data used to conduct this study was compiled and verified on Jan. 24, 2020, and is subject to change.